These case studies relate to the end of the primary years and the earlier years of secondary school. These stages of schooling pose a number of challenges for any student, and they deserve special attention for Indigenous students in particular.
First, the transition to secondary school can be disruptive and disconcerting. Students often find they are moving from a secure and predictable environment to one which seems uncertain and difficult. It is easy to get lost in the transition.
Second, students can find problems maintaining motivation and interest as they move through the early secondary years. Adolescence is often a contributing factor to this, as are the multiple and sometimes abstract demands on students. For Indigenous students in particular, there may sometimes be a lack of suitable role models and the rewards of staying at school can seem distant and difficult to attain.